Venezuela: President Maduro extends money swap deadline


Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has again extended the deadline to withdraw from circulation the country’s most common currency note.

The deadline had been set for 2 January but will now be on 20 January.

Mr Maduro said he did not want Venezuelans to worry about exchanging the currency near the New Year festivities.

Venezuelans had been initially given 72 hours in mid-December to swap their 100 bolivar notes, sparking chaos.

The borders with Colombia and Brazil were also closed for eight days as part of a coordinated action against what Mr Maduro called «smuggling mafias».

They sell products subsidised by Venezuela’s socialist government, including petrol and medicines, at high profit margins.

Rampant inflation

The gangs also have stacked huge amounts of cash in warehouses abroad, Mr Maduro said.

They would lose most of their money under the withdrawal, as it would be impractical for them to repatriate truck loads of currency notes and swap them at bank branches.

After Mr Maduro’s announcement on 11 December, most shop owners in Venezuela began rejecting the notes.

Long queues outside bank branches, while in some areas supermarkets and shops were looted.

Hundreds of people queued on the bridge between Cucuta in Colombia and San Antonio del Tachira in Venezuela when the border was reopened, 20 Dec 16Image copyrightEPA
Image captionHundreds of people queued when the Colombia-Venezuela border was eventually reopened

Mr Maduro then decided to delay the deadline to scrap the 100 bolivar note.

He has ordered new higher denomination notes, but they are not yet in circulation.

Venezuela has one of the highest inflation rates in the world.

The government last published figures for inflation in December 2015, putting it at 180%, but the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates next year’s prices will rise by more than 2,000%.

The 100 bolivar note has lost most of its value and is now worth around 2 US cents.

The Venezuelan economy has been hit hard by the fall in the price of oil, its main source of income. It also has had strict currency controls in place since 2003.

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